The Minister of Health, Professor Isaac Adewole said Nigeria has a high burden of Communicable and Non communicable disease.
While stating that a multi sectorial approach from several ministries will help in reducing the burden of the diseases.
He made the disclosure at a high level meeting on Non communicable diseases Multi Sectorial Action plan in Abuja.
According to the Minister of Health, the increased burden of NCDs in Nigeria is due to change in lifestyle , and behaviours .
“The risk factors include the use of alcohol, tobacco, physical activities and unhealthy diets. Excessive consumption of red meats, salt, saturated fat, and refined sugar in food and drinks”
While noting that communicable diseases is responsible for most death in the country.
“We are still fighting war on communicable diseases, and have not succeeded. We can manage the incidence , and this can be done through prevention, and maintaining healthy living”
In the same vein, Adewole emphasized the need for Nigerians to maintain healthy lifestyle, and engage in preventive mechanisms to reduce Non communicate disease in the country.
“We need to provide a framework for strengthening health system in Nigeria.
The use of multi sectorial approach for the prevention and control of NCDs will improve socio economic development.”
The Cluster Lead Communicable and NCDs WHO, Dr Rex Mpazange disclosed that
Low and Middle income countries are disproportionately affected by NCDs.
According to him, in 2016, 41million out of 57million deaths (71%) were attributed to NCDs with 15 million of these deaths termed as premature deaths.
He noted that the 4 main NCDs responsible for over 80% of the deaths are: Cardiovascular Diseases (e.g. heart attacks and stroke), Cancers, Chronic Respiratory Diseases (e.g. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and asthma) and Diabetes.
“At the 2011 UN High-level meeting, it was recognized that the rising prevalence, morbidity and mortality of NCDs worldwide can be largely prevented and controlled through collective and multisectoral action by all Member states and other relevant stakeholders at local, national, regional and global levels.”
Mpazange hinted that the 2013-2020 Global Action Plan therefore, provides Member States, international partners and WHO with a road map and menu of policy options which, when implemented will contribute to progress on 9 global NCD targets to be attained in 2025, including a 25% relative reduction in premature mortality from NCDs by 2025.
Nutrition Expert with UNFAO, Mr Mawuli Sablah stressed on the need for citizens to consume foods with the right proportion of nutrients.
“Nigeria has a huge potential to provide good commodities, so the populace should tap into this by consuming food of high nutritional value.
It is very essential to deviate from consuming fatty foods, as this can lead to obesity.
Sedentary lifestyle and consuming excess sugar can be detrimental to health as well.
The underlying factor for cancer and other diabetes is in the eating habit”. he noted .